Germany 2007 Dachau Concentration Camp

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Germany. Bayern state. The Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site. A group of adolescent, all tourists, rest and lay on the wall near the the roll-call area where the prisoners were counted every morning and evening and assigned to their work details. Punishment measures were announced and carried out here publicly to intimidate the prisoners. The more the number of prisoners increased the longer and more exhausting the roll-call procedure became. Located along the central axis of the camp was the main camp road, along which the barracks were built on both the left and the right. At the crossing of the camp road and the roll-call area two barracks have been reconstructed. The former location of the other 32 baracks are marked by foundations. The ground plan of the camp, still recognizable today and characterized by its symmetrical alignment and functional divisions, was also used in almost all other concentration camps. The impression generated by the grounds today does not reproduce the oppressive confinement and density of the barrack facilities: originally designed to hold approx. 6,000 prisoners, the camp was constantly overcrowded in the final years. On march 22, 1933, the first concentration camp was opened in Dachau by the Nazis. It became a model for all later concentration camps established under the control of the SS men and the Third  Reich. © 2007 Didier Ruef