Kazakhstan. Semipalatinsk. Semey State Medical Academy. Dead bicephalous foetus. Congenital anomalies of the development of the central nervous system due to atom testing. The dead children were conceived near the Semipalatinsk Polygon ( called today National Nuclear Center of Kazakhstan) and are victims of the 456 atomic testing - 116 atmospheric, 340 underground - from 1949 to 1989. The regions high frequency of congenital anomalies is primarily due to fallout from nearby nuclear test sites. Both children's death are the human and environmental effects of nuclear radiation, genetic contamination and pollution from atomic tests programs of the former Soviet Union. Semey is the Kazakh name for Semipalatinsk and is located in the Eastern Kazakhstan Province. © 2008 Didier Ruef .