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Kazakhstan. Semipalatinsk. Scientific Research Institute of Radiation, Medicine and Ecology. Secret map from former Soviet Union, CCCP or URSS. Winds roads after nuclear testing and atom contamination from 456 atomic testing - 116 atmospheric, 340 underground - from 1949 to 1989 at  Semipalatinsk Polygon ( called today National Nuclear Center of Kazakhstan). The regions high frequency of various diseases is primarily due to fallout from nearby nuclear test sites. The picture shows the human and environmental effects of nuclear radiation, contamination and pollution from atomic tests programs of the former Soviet Union. Semey is the Kazakh name for Semipalatinsk and is located in the Eastern Kazakhstan Province. © 2008 Didier Ruef.