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Kazakhstan. Sarzhal. Sandugash Imangaliyera suffers from a genetic malformation disease (legs, hands). She is 58 years old and was born near the Semipalatinsk Polygon ( called today National Nuclear Center of Kazakhstan). Sandugash Imangaliyera is a first generation victim of the 456 atomic testing - 116 atmospheric, 340 underground - from 1949 to 1989. The regions high frequency of  diseases is primarily due to fallout from nearby nuclear test sites. Sandugash Imangaliyera shows the human and environmental effects of nuclear radiation, genetic contamination and pollution from atomic tests programs of the former Soviet Union. Sarzhal is located in the Eastern Kazakhstan Province. © 2008 Didier Ruef .