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Switzerland. Appenzell Innerrhoden canton. Appenzell. The Landsgemeinde or "cantonal assembly" is one of the oldest forms of direct democracy. Eligible citizens of the canton meet on a certain day in the open air to decide on laws and expenditures by the council. Everyone can debate a question. Voting is accomplished by those in favour of a motion raising their hands. The Landsgemeinde is still the highest political institution of Appenzell Innerrhoden canton. The canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden (in English sometimes Appenzell Inner-Rhodes) is the smallest canton of Switzerland. © 1991 Didier Ruef